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Wednesday, January 16, 2019
  | -- Yesterday -- | 

1495French besiege Gaeta (to Feb 16), held for Ferrante II of Naples
1535Henry VIII becomes head of the Church in England, to marry Anne Boylen
1582Russia cedes Livonia & Estonia to Poland
1680French explorer Sieur de la Salle builds Ft Crevecoeur
1799Two French soldiers slain by guerrillas near Itri, Naples.
1865Ft Fisher, NC falls to Union troops
1941Adm Husband Kimmel writes "Surprise raid on Pearl Harbor . . . possible."
1942Bataan: Japanese troops penetrate US/Philippine defenses.
1942Japanese Southern Army invades Burma from Thailand.
1942Malaya: Japanese "end run" landings dislocate the British left.
1942Chinese halt a Japanese offensive near Changsha in Hunan Province.
1943The Pentagon is completed
1943Guadalcanal: US forces make only limited gains.
1943Japanese superbattleship Musashi arrives at Truk.
1943Papua: Allied forces make limited gains near Sanananda
1944European Advisory Commission decides to divide Germany
1944New Guinea: Australians reach north coast of Huon Peninsula, near Sio.
1945Red Army liberates the Krakow-Plaszow concentration camp
1945Japanese offensive in China advances on the U.S. airbase in Sichuan.
1949Mao's Red army conquers Tien-tsin
1962New Guinea: Dutch & Indonesian naval battle, Etna Bay
1973Pres Nixon suspends all US offensive action over North Vietnam
1997Dr Jerry Lineger, Capt, USN, joins MIR via Space Shuttle Atlantis
  Today in Military History 

Jan 16, 2019
1495French under Charles VIII invest Gaeta (falls Feb 16).
1500Cesare Borgia captures Forli and the Lady Caterina Sforza
1547Ivan IV the Terrible crowned first tsar of Russia
1556Charles V abdicates the throne of Spain (having already quit as HRE)
1776Continental Congress approves enlistment of free blacks
1777Vermont declares independence from NY
1799French and Polish troops sack Itri, slaying scores
1863Cruise of CSS Florida (ends Aug 23)
1864Battle of Dandridge, Tn.
1865Aftermath of Ft Fisher, Ft Caswell is abandoned & blown up
1941War Department forms Army Air Corps squadron for black cadets
1942Rio Conference: 21 American republics discuss hemispheric defense
1942Bataan: Heavy fighting
1942Malaya: British try to hold the Muar River against Japanese forces
1943Papua: U.S. and Australians mop up Japanese forces around Sanananda
1943Guadalcanal: 2nd Marine Div clears Japanese troops out of "the Ravine"
1944Gen Eisenhower takes command of Operation Overlord
1945US First and Third Armies meet at Houffalize, Belgium
1945TF 38 aircraft attack Japanese held Hong Kong.
1951Viet Minh offensive at Hanoi
19573 B-52s leave California on the first non-stop world flight
1963Khrushchev claims to have a 100-megaton nuclear bomb
1969Jan Palach immolates himself to protest Soviet invasion of Czech
1970Col Kadhaffi becomes premier of Libya
1979Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi of Iran flees Iran for Egypt
2001Theodore Roosevelt awarded a Medal of Honor for San Juan Heights in 1898
2001Andrew J. Smith, 55th Mass, awarded a Medal of Honor, for Nov 30, 1864.
  | -- Tomorrow -- | 

1377Gregory XI returns the Holy Papal See to Rome, after 72 years at Avignon
1501Cesare Borgia returns in triumph to Rome from the Romagna
1601France gains Bresse, Bugey, Valromey, & Gex in treaty with Spain
1746Battle of Falkirk: Edward I defeats and massacres the Scots
1773Captain Cook in Resolution reaches the Antarctic Circle
1781Dan Morgan annihilates a Tory force at the Cowpens
1821Mexico grants Moses Austin extensive lands in Texas.
1832USS Peacock conducts diplomatic mission to Vietnamese court
1862USS Lexington bombards Ft Henry, TN (surrenders Jan 22)
1863Civil War skirmish near Newtown, Virginia
1885The Sudan: Egypto-British Army beats the Mahdists at Battle of Abu Klea
1893Queen Liliuokalani deposed, Kingdom of Hawaii becomes a republic
1900CDR Taussig in USS Bennington takes formal possession of Wake Island
1902Anglo-Boer War: Scheepers executed
1911Failed assassination attempt on premier Briand in the French Assembly
1915Russia captures Bukovina & Western Ukraine
1942Bataan: Heavy fighting continues.
1942British are under heavy pressure on the Muar River line in Malaya.
1943Guadalcanal: Combined Army-Marine Div attacks west along the coast
1943Papua: Allied forces begin a major offensive against Sanananda.
1944New Britain: Allies subdue last Japanese at Arawe, southern coast
1945Soviets drive Germans out of Warsaw
1945Luzon: Sixth Army steps up its drive on Manila.
1945Raoul Wallenberg, having saved thousands of Jews, disappears in Hungary
1947Ammunition plant at Muiden, Netherlands, factory explodes, 16 die
1948Netherlands & Indonesia agree to a cease fire
1951China refuses cease fire in Korea
1955USS Nautilus underway on nuclear power
1961Pres. Dwight Eisenhower speaks of a "military industrial complex"
1966B-52 carrying four hydrogen bombs crashes off Spanish coast
1991Iraq fires eight Scud missiles at Israel
1991Jeffrey Zahn is the first US pilot shot down in the Persian Gulf War
1991Operation Desert Storm: Coalition airstrikes against Iraq