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Wednesday, July 17, 2019
  | -- Yesterday -- | 

622 The Hadj: Mohammed flees Mecca for Medina - Islamic Calendar begins
1054The Great Schism between Western and Eastern Christianity
1099Crusaders herd Jews of Jerusalem into a synagogue & set it afire
1212Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa; end of Moslem domination of Spain
1429Joan of Arc leads French army in Battle of Orleans
1683Turkish troops under Kara Mustafa attack Vienna
1857Sir Henry Havelock arrives at Battle of Cawnpore
1861Skirmish at Millsville/Wentzville, Mo
1862David G. Farragut is named the first Rear Admiral in the USN
1894Many Negro miners in Alabama killed by striking white miners
1912RAdm Bradley Fiske receives a patent for the airborne torpedo.
1912Naval torpedo launched from an airplane patented by B.A. Fiske
1920Gen Amos Fries appointed First US Chief of Chemical Warfare
1940Hitler orders preparations for "Operation Sea Lion";
1944Australian surface warships shell Japanese near Aitape, New Guinea.
1945Trinity: the first Atomic Bomb is tested in New Mexico.
1946US sentences 46 SS-men to death for Malmedy
1951King Leopold III of Belgium abdicates under pressure about collaboration
1957Marine Maj John Glenn sets transcontinental speed record (03:28:08)
1962NASA civilian test pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 32,600 m
1969Apollo 11 leaves for the Moon
1985F-86 Sabre sets world aircraft speed record of 1152 kph (716 mph)
  Today in Military History 

Jul 17, 2019
663 Constans II leaves Rome, the last Roman Emperor to visit
1245Pope excommunicates Holy Roman Emperor Frederik II, for the third time
1453Castillon, ast battle of the 100 Years' War: French defeat the English
1549Jews are expelled from Ghent, Belgium
1762Catherine the Great becomes ruler of Russia, by murdering Peter III
1812USS Constitution escapes a British sqn after 3 day chase off New Jersey
1815Napoleon surrenders to the British at Rochefort
1858U.S. Sloop-of-War Niagara assists laying of the first Atlantic cable.
1861Skirmish at Scarrytown, WVva
1861Skirmish at Martinsburg, Mo
1861Skirmish at Fulton, Mo
1861Skirmish at Bunker Hill, Va
1862US army authorized to accept blacks as laborers
1862Skirmish at Columbia, TN
1862Naval Engagement at Pascagoula River, MS
1862John Hunt Morgan raids Cynthiana, KY
1863Honey Springs: largest Civil War battle in the Indian Territory
1864Jefferson Davis replaces Gen Joe Johnston with John Bell Hood in Georgia
1898Spanish American War: Spanish surrender Santiago to the US
1903Joint Army and Navy Board formed.
1917British Royals change their name from Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor
1927USMC pilots conduct first combat dive bombing, Ocotal, Nicaraguan.
1936Military coup in Spain, will lead to Civil War
1942MacArthur issues orders to occupy Buna, northeastern Papua.
1942Amphib Force, SoPac Area, is established under Richmond Kelly Turner
1943U.S. destroyers shell Kiska.
1943RAF bombs German rocket research base at Pennemunde, on the Baltic
1944Two ammunition ships at Port Chicago, California, explode, 322 die
1944Japanese Navy Minister Shimada, resigns, bringing down Tojo government.
1944Heavy fighting in the Aitape area, New Guinea.
1945Truman, Stalin, and Attlee begin the Potsdam Conference
1945Third Fleet undertakes surface and air attacks on targets near Tokyo.
1962Robert White in X-15 sets altitude record of 108 km (354,300 ft)
  | -- Tomorrow -- | 

390 -BC- Battle of the Allia: Romans suffer devastating defeat by the Gauls
64 Great Fire of Rome begins, at which Nero didn't fiddle
1536Henry VIII declares the Pope's authority void in England
1716Jews are expelled from Brussels, Belgium
1775Congress authorizes each colony to provide armed ships of war
1779Commo Abraham Whipple's squadron takes 11 British prizes
1806Besieged since February 12, Gaeta surenders to the French
1812Treaty of Orebro: Great Britain, Russia, & Sweden ally against Napoleon
1813US Frigate President captures 4 British ships.
1814British capture Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin
1861Bull Run Campaign: Combat at Blackburn's Ford, Va
1863Gallant attempt of the 54th Massachusetts to storm Fort Wagner, SC
1863Cavalry skirmish near Columbus, Ga
1898US and Spanish light forces engage in naval skirmish off Manzanillo
1901Anglo-Boer War: First drive in Cape Colony northwards
1907French troops attack Casablanca
1914Air Service formed within the Signal Corps
1915Second Battle of the Isonzo begins (to Aug 3)
1918US & French forces launch Aisne-Marne offensive
1920Naval aircraft sink ex-German cruiser Frankfurt in target practice.
1925Hitler's "Mein Kampf" published
1941SS drowns 40 Jews in Dvina River, Belorussia
1942Messerschmitt Me 262, the first jet fighter, takes its first flight
1943German u-boat downs K-47, only US airship lost to enemy action in WW II
1944US troop capture St Lo, Normandy
1944Kuniaki Koiso forms new Japanese government, with the same old policies.
1945Australian troops take the Sambodja oil fields in Borneo.