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Wednesday, January 20, 2021
  | -- Yesterday -- | 

1493Treaty of Barcelona: France cedes Roussillon & Cerdagne to Spain
1770Battle of Golden Hill, in New York City
1793Revoutionary court sentenced "Citizen Capet" (Louis XVI) to death.
1806British take Cape of Good Hope from Netherlands, occupied by France
1808Dutch King Louis Napoleon signs the first aviation law, for balloons
1812Wellington's troops storm Ciudad Rodrigo, Spain, amid great slaughter
1839Aden captured by the British East India Company
1861Mississippi troops take Ft Massachusetts, on Ship Island
1861Georgia becomes 5th state to secede
1862Battle of Mill Springs/Fishing Creek/Logan's Crossroads, KY
1900Anglo-Boer War: Warren's attack on Ntabamnyama
1915First German zeppelin bombing raid on Great Britain, 4 die
1917Silvertown ammunition factory in Essex, England, explodes; 300 die
1920The Senate rejects American membership in League of Nations
1942Joe Louis is drafted, on the day he defeated Buddy Baer in 20"56'
1942Malaya: British abandon the Muar River line, fall back on Johore Line.
1943Guadalcanal: Combined Army-Marine Div presses westwards
1943Guadalcanal: U.S. destroyers shell Japanese positions
1943Papua: Fierce Japanese resistance on the Sanananda front.
1944Northern Burma: Chinese New 38th Div and Japanese fight for Taro Plain.
1945China: Japanese troops seize control of the Canton-Hankow rail line.
  Today in Military History 

Jan 20, 2021
1265Parliament meets for the first time
1613War of Kalmar ends between Denmark & Sweden
1667Treaty of Andrussovo: ends 13 year war between Poland and Russia
1778First American court martial begins, Cambridge, Mass
1783Hostilities cease in Revolutionary War
1798Michele Pezza -- Fra Diavolo -- joins the Neapolitan Army, "or else."
1799Three Days of Naples begin: Citizens fight French invaders
1800Bonaparte's sister Carolina marries Joachim Murat
1841China cedes Hong Kong to the British
1866Prim's Insurrection in Spain ends
1887US Senate approves the lease of Pearl Harbor as a naval base
1914USN opens a school for aviators at Pensacola, Fla.
1942Nazi officials hold notorious Wannsee Conference on "Final Solution"
1942The Bismarcks: Japanese aircraft carriers raid Rabaul and Kavieng
1942Japanese 55th Div invades Burma from central Thailand.
1943Guadalcanal: 25th Infantry Div tightens its hold on the Gifu.
1943Papua: Japanese resistance on the Sanananda front collapses.
1944RAF bombs Berlin
1944Burma: Allies prepare major offensive to open the "Burma Road".
19451st truck convoy on the re-opened Burma Road, still in need of repair.
1952British army occupies Ismailiya, Suez Canal Zone
1955USS Nautilus launched at Groton, Conn.
198152 Americans held hostage in Iran for 444 days freed
1991US Patriot missiles begin shooting down Iraqi Scud missiles
  | -- Tomorrow -- | 

1604Tsar Ivan IV defeats the False Dmitri
1824Ashanti defeat British at Accra, West Africa
1903Militia Act of 1903 creates the modern National Guard
1910British-Russian military intervention in Persia
1918New York Philharmonic refuses to play music by living German composers
1941British and Australian troops attack Tobruk
1942Rabaul and Kavieng bombed by Japanese aircraft.
1942Malaya: the Japanese begin to dislocate the Johore line.
1942Bataan: Heavy fighting continues
1942British CV Indomitable & TF arrives at Addu Atoll, in the Indian Ocean
1943Guadalcanal: U.S. troops pause to resupply.
1943Soviet forces recapture Worosjilowsk
1943Papua: Allied troops mop up Japanese remnants in the Sanananda area.
1944Northern Burma: Chinese New 38th Div advances slowly.
1945TF 38 a/c raid Japanese on Okinawa and Formosa, downing 100 a/c
1945Burma: British amphibious landing near Ramree
1961Portuguese rebels seize cruise ship Santa Maria
1968B-52 bomber with nuclear bomb crashes in Greenland