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Tuesday, July 27, 2021
  29 May 1453, Byzantine Empire falls 

Sultan Mehemet II captures Constantinople

The Turks had 100,000 men including 12,000 Janissaries as well as many cannon, besieging Constantinople between 5 April and 29 May 1453. Facing them were 7,000 Byzantines which included 500 Genoese of condottiere Giustiniani, the only troops of good quality.

 

The Turks established a blockade, and launched a naval attack on 12 April which was repulsed. On the 20th of April the Turks were again defeated by superior Venetian vessels. But Mehemet II came up with a brilliant scheme to outmaneuver the defenders by transporting ships overland into the Golden Horn, while Ottoman cannon blasted holes in the 1,000-year-old walls. Although assaults on the 7th and 18th of May were repulsed, the Janissaries eventually brought about the fall of Constantinople and the death of Constantine amid its ruins, when they stormed the city on 29 May.

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